Senior depression is a widespread problem among the older adult population, just as it is among the younger adult population.
There has been extensive study into the various factors of treatments of depression, one of which is sleep. One study of 840,000 people conducted by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has yielded some of the most compelling evidence. They found that a person’s habit of waking at a specific time significantly influences depression risk.
This study is among the first to quantify just how much change is required to significantly influence mental health and mental health issues, like depression.
In recent times, this is hugely relevant as people are emerging from post-pandemic remote work and school schedules (schedules that have many people sleeping and waking later), meaning the study’s findings could have significant implications.
Senior author of the study, Celine Vetter, Associate Professor of Integrative Psychology, says about senior depression and sleep, “We have known for some time that there is a relationship between sleep timing and mood, but a question we often hear from clinicians is: How much earlier do we need to shift people to see a benefit? [From asking this] we found that even one-hour earlier sleep timing is associated with significantly lower risk of depression.”
Previous observational studies on the sleep-depression connection have demonstrated that so-called night owls are almost twice as likely to suffer from depression as early birds, regardless of how many hours they sleep during the night.
Since mood disorders like depression can itself disrupt sleep cycles, researchers have had a hard time determining which of the factors is the causation of this disruption. However, this study has been the first of its kind to use an immense sample size, therefore more representative of all demographics.
The Boulder study suggests that if someone who typically goes to sleep at 1 AM goes to sleep at midnight instead and sleeps for the same number of hours, they could cut their risk of developing depression by as much as 23 percent. If someone turns in to sleep at 11 PM, they could then cut their risk even further, by about 40 percent!
The study remains unclear, though, whether those who are currently early birds would benefit from rising even earlier. But for those who are typically night owls, the results are clear. Adjusting to an earlier bedtime can decrease one’s risk of developing depression.
An explanation of this effect could lie in the fact that getting more sunlight exposure during the day hours- which early birds tend to receive- results in a significant boost of hormonal impacts that can, in turn, create a boost in mood.
Other studies, in turn, note that possessing a different biological clock, or circadian rhythm, then the societal norm can in itself be depressing and cause increased depression symptoms.
One of the researchers on the study, Dauglas, says, “We live in a society that is designed for morning people, and evening people often feel as if they are in a constant state of misalignment with that societal clock.” Dauglas also stresses that a larger, more randomized clinical trial could definitively determine whether going to bed earlier can reduce depression risk, but explained, “This study shifts the weight of evidence toward supporting a causal effect of sleep timing on depression.”
For those who are looking to embrace an earlier sleep schedule to reduce their depression risk, here are a couple of pieces of advice that may help:
- Get plenty of sunlight throughout the day
- Try and get some exercise during the day, it will help you sleep better at night
- Invest in blackout curtains (or other ways) to keep your sleeping space dark
- Have morning coffee or tea on the porch to soak up some rays
- Lay down your electronics in the evening
While this study isn’t completely infallible, there is solid evidence to suggest that going to sleep earlier can significantly decrease one’s risk of onset senior depression.
If you are interested in learning more about depression in older adult populations, or if you are an older adult suffering from depression, contact Bluebird Health today!
Daghlas I, Lane JM, Saxena R, Vetter C. Genetically Proxied Diurnal Preference, Sleep Timing, and Risk of Major Depressive Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online May 26, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.0959
University of Colorado at Boulder. “Waking just one hour earlier cuts depression risk by double digits, study finds.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 May 2021.